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Difference between revisions of "SW:Singularity:Examples"

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(Test on host build system)
(Create an image (.img))
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===== Create an image (.img) =====
 
===== Create an image (.img) =====
* To make an .img file that provides space for the user to work in (e.g. download/install software).  These steps do not require sudo since they don't really create anything in the image.  This example is for a 40GB /.
+
* to make an .img file that provides space for the user to work in (e.g. download/install software).  These steps do not require sudo since they don't really create anything in the image.   
 +
* first, determine the installed size of the sandbox
 +
<pre
 +
du -hs Fedora28-HPRCLAB.sandbox/
 +
24G Fedora28-HPRCLAB.sandbox/
 +
</pre>
 +
* Given that, add some space for the user to work in.  In this case, we will use 40GB (approx. sandbox size + 15G).
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
singularity image.create Fedora28-HPRCLAB-40GB.img # create .img file
 
singularity image.create Fedora28-HPRCLAB-40GB.img # create .img file

Revision as of 09:05, 15 August 2018

Examples

Fedora 28

Objective

The objective in this case is a Fedora28-HPRCLAB.img file that has space for users to manuever around and install stuff:

  1. that we can provide to users, a Singularity .img file (self-contained), for them to update as needed (as root on their own workstations) that also runs on our clusters.
  2. is already populated with HPRCLAB RPMs
  3. has plenty of disk space for the user to add files (as non-root) while on the cluster
  4. Example below was created on HPRCLAB workstations.

Building an image on your Fedora 28 workstation

Create a "sandbox"
  • start a root shell, but maintain location (you will need it for most of the next steps so might as well do it now to avoid all the password retypes for sudo)
sudo su
  • create a Singularity sandbox from one of Fedora's Docker images
singularity build --sandbox Fedora28-HPRCLAB.sandbox docker://fedora:28
  • create a list of packages to install into the image and place in /root. In this case we use the HPRCLAB/Fedora28 workstations current list of software. So on the workstation/host (not in the image):
rpm -qa --qf "%{NAME}\n" | sort > /root/rpmlist

which results in something that looks like this:

[root@hprclab4 ~]# head -5 /root/rpmlist 
a2ps
a52dec
aajohan-comfortaa-fonts
aalib-libs
aalto-xml
  • while still in the host sudo/root shell update the image using the --writable shell in the sandbox (requires sudo for next steps)
singularity shell --writable Fedora28-HPRCLAB.sandbox/
  • Install the RPMFUSION repos (needed for below)
dnf -y install\
 https://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-28.noarch.rpm\
 https://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-28.noarch.rpm
  • populate the sandbox with all the RPMs (we do them in groups at first in case there a problems and then do all to see what those problems were. (get a snack, take a walk... it can take awhile)
for x in {a..z} ; do
  dnf -y install `grep ^$x /root/rpmlist`
done
dnf -y install `cat /root/rpmlist`

or maybe

for x in `cat /root/rpmlist` ; do
  dnf -y install $x
done

There will still be packages that have "No match" due to not including the repos for them.

  • do NOT add users with useradd... if you do, be sure not to add your NetID or things will break.
  • create bind directories for interfacing with HPRC clusters (Note: have to do this now while still in sudo shell)
mkdir /scratch /work
  • once you are happy with the sandbox log out from it (logout/exit/Ctrl-D).
Create an image (.img)
  • to make an .img file that provides space for the user to work in (e.g. download/install software). These steps do not require sudo since they don't really create anything in the image.
  • first, determine the installed size of the sandbox
* Given that, add some space for the user to work in.  In this case, we will use 40GB (approx. sandbox size + 15G).
<pre>
singularity image.create Fedora28-HPRCLAB-40GB.img # create .img file
singularity image.expand -s 40960 Fedora28-HPRCLAB-40GB.img # expand to 40GB, get another snack while you wait

Note: works because there is no real filesystem yet [some ext3/4 filesystems seem to have a problem with expand]

  • Now import the sandbox into the 40GB image (more snacks/time)
sudo tar -cvf - -C Fedora28-HPRCLAB.sandbox/ . | sudo singularity image.import Fedora28-HPRCLAB-40GB.img

(see the last/tar example in 'singularity image.import --help')

Test on host build system
  • open a non-sudo shell and see if you can do "things"
singularity shell Fedora28-HPRCLAB-40GB.img

Using your image on HPRC clusters

CentOS 6

Create a sanbox

singularity build --sandbox CentOS6-ada.sandbox docker://centos:6
singularity shell --writable CentOS6-ada.sandbox/
yum -y install https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-6.noarch.rpm
for x in `cat /root/HPRCLAB-rpmlist` ; do yum -y install $x ; done
mkdir /scratch /work
exit