All nodes on Ada operate under the control of the LINUX operating system. The installed version is
the CentOS 6 implementation. The global file systems (accessible to all nodes) are organized by
IBM's General Parallel File System (GPFS). These are /home and /scratch. Both are hosted on the 4PB (raw) disk space
provided by the IBM GSS26 mass storage appliance.
The batch system, although an important part of the computing environment, is covered in a separate section of its own.
The Login Part
The default shell for ada (all nodes) is bash. Its environment is defined in the startup file, .bash_profile. It is read and executed when you login, and it resides in your home directory. The command,
[ NetID@ada ~]$ env
when executed right after login, displays the default environment settings.
Many applications use the TMPDIR environment variable, when set, as the
area for storing temporary files. By default TMPDIR is not set, whereupon the
application programs will typically use the /tmp area on the local drive, not
always a safe option because of its limited capacity. Setting it to a
directory in your scratch area is a good solution.
The use of the login nodes is for small-to-medium code development and processing. The most important processing limits here are:
- CPU time - ONE HOUR per login session.
- Cores for Concurrent Use - EIGHT CORES per login session, on the same node or (cumulatively) across all login nodes.
The 8 login nodes have a number of diverse features making them suitable platforms
for different types of code development, testing and limited computation. Below we display their main hardware features.
|Single NVIDIA K20 GPU||Dual NVIDIA K20 GPUs||Dual Intel Xeon Phi 5110P|
|Processor Type||Intel Xeon E5-2670 v2, 10-core, 2.5GHz|
|Network||1 GigE for external connectivity|
|Local Disk Space||per node: 4 834 giga-byte 10K rpm SAS drives|
To insure access to a specific node because, say, it must have a Phi coprocessor you must use its specific hostname (e.g., ada8.tamu.edu).
For large data transfers to/from other hosts you should definitely consider
the use of the fast data transfer nodes described in a previous section.
Immediately upon logging in to Ada, the following message about the status of your disk space use greets you:
Your current disk quotas are: Disk Disk Usage Limit File Usage Limit /home 2.49G 10G 113 10000 /scratch 1.25G 1T 40 50000 /tiered 4.8G 10T 69 50000 Type 'showquota' to view these quotas again.
The gist of the information is that the file space allocated for your home directory, /home/NetID,
is just 10GB, while the allocation for scratch area, /scratch/user/NetID, is 1TB.
Your scratch space is extensible for justifiable needs. It is NOT backed up. The home area, on the other
hand, is backed up nightly, but cannot be extended. The following information captures most of the pertinent
aspects of file space.
Global file space on Ada, accessible to users on all compute, login, and extra-fast data transfer nodes, is organized by the three (GPFS) file systems showing in the table below. Access to the allocated file space is through the indicated directories that are setup automatically for every user.
|File System||Directory||Environment Variable||Storage Hardware||File Space Quota||File Counts Quota||Comments|
|Home||/home/$USER||$HOME||GSS26||10 GB||10000||Upon login, you will be situated in /home/$USER, where $USER is your Net ID. Use of this area should take into account its small size with fixed (cannot change) space and file count limits.|
|Scratch||/scratch/user/$USER||$SCRATCH||GSS26||1 TB||50000||This is a high performance storage, intended to temporarily hold rather large files, and only for on-going processing that uses them. It is NOT backed up nor is it intended as long-term storage area. Please delete or move out of these area any files that are not frequently used.|
|Tiered||/tiered/user/$USER||$ARCHIVE||flash+disks+tapes||10 TB||50000||This is an archival file system intended to hold valuable data files that are not frequently used. Please delete or move elsewhere files that have been inactive for extended periods.|
The Modules system organizes the multitude of packages we have installed on Ada so that they can be
easily maintained and used. Some of these have several versions. More specifically, Modules configures
appropriately the execution environment of each package (and version).
On Ada most non-OS software is organized by the Modules system. That includes all the compilers and
associated libraries. Each package has a corresponding modulefile or simply a module where the appropriate
actions are specified (in a prescibed format) in setting up its execution environment.
On Ada, the design and construction of the Modules system is based on the use of the bash shell. A few applications
set up their environment with wrapper scripts that do not use the bash shell or insist on doing things outside Modules.
Notify the help desk if you cannot locate the module appropriate for an application.
To find out what software packages are available under the Module system on Ada, enter:
[ NetID@ada ~]$ module spider [packageName] # List all versions of all packages or just for packageName.
To set up the shell's enviroment so it can run desired packages, you enter:
[ NetID@ada ~]$ module load packageName1/version packageName2/version ...
Note that the specification of packageName is case sensitive and it must include a specific version. On Ada, there are no packages that are preloaded by default.
A specific version should always be used when loading modules.
To find out what packages/modules you have loaded onto the current shell, enter:
[ NetID@ada ~]$ module list
Note: Loading a package is required in order to access the man pages associated with the package if they are available.
To remove/unload packages from a shell's environment, enter:
[ NetID@ada ~]$ module unload packageName1 packageName2 ...
To remove ALL loaded modules from the current environment, enter:
[ NetID@ada ~]$ module purge
To search and list what packages/modules are available on Ada, enter any suitable combination of the following:
[ NetID@ada ~]$ module spider [packageName] # List all versions of all packages or just for packageName. [ NetID@ada ~]$ module spider string # List all modules that contain the "string". [ NetID@ada ~]$ module spider packageName/version # List detailed information about that version of packageName [ NetID@ada ~]$ module keyword string # list all modules and whatis that contain string.
For additional help see:
[ NetID@ada ~]$ module help # lists all the subcommands under the module command. [ NetID@ada ~]$ module help packageName # Lists information about packageName
To remove (unload) a module and load another, use the swap subcommand:
[ NetID@ada ~]$ module swap packageOUT packageIN
The above command is short for:
[ NetID@ada ~]$ module unload packageOUT [ NetID@ada ~]$ module load packageIN
The output below illustrates the fact that a modulefile's complete name includes its version. An installed application can have several versions.
[ NetID@ada ~]$ module load ABAQUS/2017 [ NetID@ada ~]$ module list Currently Loaded Modules: 1) ABAQUS/2017
The output below shows the output of the spider command for ABAQUS:
[ NetID@ada ~]$ module spider ABAQUS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ABAQUS: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Description: Finite Element Analysis software for modeling, visualization and best-in-class implicit and explicit dynamics FEA. - Homepage: http://www.simulia.com/products/abaqus_fea.html Versions: ABAQUS/6.12.1-linux-x86_64 ABAQUS/6.13.5-linux-x86_64 . . .
The output below shows the functionality of the swap command:
[ NetID@ada ~]$ module load ABAQUS/2016 [ NetID@ada ~]$ module swap ABAQUS/2016 ABAQUS/2017 The following have been reloaded with a version change: 1) ABAQUS/2016 => ABAQUS/2017 [ NetID@ada ~]$ module list Currently Loaded Modules: 1) ABAQUS/2017