Ada:Batch Job Submission
Job Submission: the bsub command
bsub < jobfile # Submits specified job for processing by LSF
Here is an illustration,
[userx@login4]$ bsub < sample1.job Verifying job submission parameters... Job <224139> is submitted to default queue <devel>. [userx@login4]$
The first thing LSF does upon submission is to tag your job with a numeric identifier, a job id. Above, that identifier is 224139. You will need it in order to track or manage (kill or modify) your jobs. Next, note that the default current working directory for the job is the directory you submitted the job from. If that's not what you need, you must explicitly indicate that, as we do above when we cd into a specific directory. On job completion, LSF will place in the submission directory the file stdout1.224139. It contains a log of job events and other data directed to standard out. Always inspect this file for useful information.
Three important job parameters:
#BSUB -n NNN # NNN: total number of cpus to allocate for the job #BSUB -R "span[ptile=XX]" # XX: number of cores/cpus per node to use #BSUB -R "select[node-type]" # node-type: nxt, mem256gb, gpu, phi, mem1t, mem2t ...
We list these together because in many jobs they can be closely related and, therefore, must be consistently set. We recommend their adoption in all jobs, serial, single-node and multi-node. The following examples, with some commentary, illustrate their use.
#BSUB -n 900 # 900: number of cpus to allocate for the job #BSUB -R "span[ptile=20]" # 20: number of cores/cpus per node to use #BSUB -R "select[nxt]" # Allocates NeXtScale nodes
The above specifications will allocate 45 (=900/20) whole nodes. In many parallel jobs the selection of NeXtScale nodes at 20 cores per node is the best choice.
#BSUB -n 900 # 900: total number of cpus to allocate for the job #BSUB -R "span[ptile=16]" # 16: number of cores/cpus per node to use #BSUB -R "select[nxt]" -x # Allocates exclusively whole NeXtScale nodes
The above specifications will allocate 57 (= ceiling(900/16)) nodes. The exclusive (-x) node allocation requested here may be important for multi-node parallel jobs that need it. It will prevent the scheduling of other jobs on such nodes, jobs which might use 4 cores or less. The absence of -x, can find one or more of the 57 nodes hosting more than one job. This can drastically reduce the performance of the 900-core job. The justification for "waisting" 4 cores per node can be a valid one depending on specific program behavior, such as memory or communication traffic. For sure, the decision to go with 16 cores per node or less should be taken after carefull experimentation. Applying the -x option will cost you, in terms of SUs, the same as the use of 20 cores, not 16. So use it sensibly.
#BSUB -n 1 # Allocate a total of 1 cpu/core for the job, appropriate for serial processing. #BSUB -R "span[ptile=1]" # Allocate 1 cpu per node. #BSUB -R "select[gpu]" # Make the allocated node have gpus, of 64GB or 256GB memory. A "select[phi]" # specification would allocate a node with phi coprocessors.
Omitting the last two options in the above will cause LSF to place the job on any conveniently available core on any node, idle or busy, of any type, except on those with 1TB or 2TB memory.
Common BSUB Options
... pending ...
## A sample OpenMP job. See subsection on Running OpenMP code for details. ## #BSUB -J myomp1 -myomp1.%J -L /bin/bash -W 200 -M 300 -n 20 -R 'span[ptile=20]' ## will run on a NeXtScale or iDataPlex node cd $SCRATCH/net-id/omp_dir module load ictce # load intel toolchain export OMP_NUM_THREADS=20; export OMP_STACKSIZE=200M # ./myomp_prog.exe
## A multi-node (10) MPI job #BSUB -J mpitest -o mpitest.%J -L /bin/bash -W 30 -n 200 -R 'span[ptile=20]' # cd $SCRATCH/net-id/mpi_dir # module load ictce # load intel toolchain. Provides for needed MPI runtime libs export I_MPI_HYDRA_BOOTSTRAP=lsf # tells Intel MPI to launch MPI processes using LSF's blaunch # export I_MPI_LSF_USE_COLLECTIVE_LAUNCH=1 # tell Intel MPI to launch only one blaunch instance (for scalability and stability) # export I_MPI_HYDRA_BRANCH_COUNT=10 # set this variable to the number of nodes (= 200/20) involved in computation # launch MPI program using the "hydra" launcher on 200 cores across 10 nodes mpiexec.hydra ./hw.mpi.C.exe .... ....
When LSF selects and activates a node for the running of your job it executes a login to that node. The environment of that
login process is mostly a duplicate of the process you launched (using bsub) your job from. In general, it is recommended that you specify
the creation of a new shell without any added features that the launching process may have acquired, say, by loading one or
more application modules. These may conflict or be irrelevant to the modules you do need to load, within a job, for its
execution. Hence, the recommendation for specifying the #BSUB -L /bin/bash option in a job file.
All the nodes enlisted for the execution of a job carry most of the environment variables of the login process: HOME, PWD, PATH, USER, etc. In addition, LSF defines new ones in the environment of an executing job. Below, we show an abbreviated list.
LSB_QUEUE: The name of the queue the job is dispatched from. LSB_JOBNAME: Name of the job. LSB_JOBID: Batch job ID assigned by LSF. LSB_ERRORFILE: Name of the error file specified with a bsub -e. LSB_HOSTS: The list of nodes (their LSF symbolic names) that are used to run the batch job.
Job tracking and control commands
bjobs [-u all or user_name] [[-l] job_id] # displays job information per user(s) or job_id, in summary or detail (-l) form. bpeek [-f] job_id # displays the stdout and stderr output of an unfinished job. bkill job_id # kills, suspends, or resumes unfinished jobs. See man bkill for details. bmod [bsub_options] job_id # Modifies job submission options of a job. See man bmod for details.
[userx@login4]$ bjobs -u all JOBID STAT USER QUEUE JOB_NAME NEXEC_HOST SLOTS RUN_TIME TIME_LEFT 223537 RUN adinar long NOR_Q 1 20 400404 second(s) 8:46 L 223547 RUN adinar long NOR_Q 1 20 399830 second(s) 8:56 L 223182 RUN tengxj1025 long pro_at16_lowc 10 280 325922 second(s) 5:27 L 229307 RUN natalieg long LES_MORE 3 900 225972 second(s) 25:13 L 229309 RUN tengxj1025 long pro_atat_lowc 7 280 223276 second(s) 33:58 L 229310 RUN tengxj1025 long cg16_lowc 5 280 223228 second(s) 33:59 L . . . . . . . . . [userx@login4]$ bjobs -l 229309 Job <229309>, Job Name <pro_atat_lowc>, User <tengxj1025>, Project <default>, M ail <email@example.com>, Status <RUN>, Queue <long>, J ob Priority <250000>, Command <## job name;#BSUB -J p ro_atat_lowc; ## send stderr and stdout to the same f ile ;#BSUB -o info.%J; ## login shell to avoid copyin g env from login session;## also helps the module fun ction work in batch jobs;#BSUB -L /bin/bash; ## 30 mi nutes of walltime ([HH:]MM);#BSUB -W 96:00; ## numpro cs;#BSUB -n 280; . . . . . . RUNLIMIT 5760.0 min of nxt1449 Tue Nov 4 21:34:43 2014: Started on 280 Hosts/Processors <nxt1449> <nxt1449> < nxt1449> <nxt1449> <nxt1449> <nxt1449> ... . . . Execution CWD </scratch/user/tengxj1025/EXTD/pro_atat/lowc/md>; Fri Nov 7 12:05:55 2014: Resource usage collected. The CPU time used is 67536997 seconds. MEM: 44.4 Gbytes; SWAP: 0 Mbytes; NTHREAD: 862 HOST: nxt1449 MEM: 3.2 Gbytes; SWAP: 0 Mbytes; CPU_TIME: 9004415 s econds . . . . . . . . . [userx@login4]$ bmod -W 2000 229309